| There have been numerous invasions and conquests of Israel. Around 170 BCE, the occupying, idol worshiping pagan Greek-Syrian king, Antiochus IV, had desecrated the Jewish Holy Temple in Jerusalem by destroying Temple holy items, erecting a statue of Zeus in the Temple, sacrificing pigs among other atrocities in the Temple.
Much of the Jewish population had been assimilating and abandoning their Jewish heritage - to get along, go along. One priestly Jewish man, Judah Maccabee, fought to end
|| the occupation by leading a three year revolt against the occupying invaders. They were outnumbered fifteen to one.
Following the defeat of Antiochus the Jews began the restoration to rededicate the Temple. They discovered a small vile of holy oil in the ruins used as fuel for the Temple’s lamps, enough for one day. It would take eight days to make the required ultra pure olive oil. The small vile of oil lasted for eight days.
The Hebrew word Hanukkah means to dedicate.